MHT CET law Mock Test

MHT CET law Mock Test 3 Years Legal Aptitude & Legal Reasoning

Hello Aspiring Law Students welcome to CET Mock Test. In this article we have provided MHT CET law Mock Test of the subject Legal Aptitude & Legal Reasoning. With this MHT CET law Mock Test Aspiring Law Candidates who are willing to appear for the 3 year LLB entrance exam can Practice online with the help of these Free Cet Mock Test.

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Legal aptitude and legal reasoning3030Start Test
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MHT CET law Mock Test

LEGAL APTITUDE & LEGAL REASONING (30marks)

Correct!

Wrong!

1.Principle: Whoever brings a dangerous object onto his land is responsible for all damage caused due to the escape of such a thing. Facts: Mahindra builds a toxic waste disposal unit on his land. One day, due to an earthquake, the storage tank leaks and damages all the vegetation around the area. The forest department brings a suit claiming damages from Mahindra. Is Mahindra liable to pay?
A. If the forest department can prove that the plant was managed negligently, then yes, damages can be claimed.
B. If Mahindra can prove that he had taken all the precautions, he is not liable.
C. The toxic waste disposal unit was something that was for the benefit of the public in general. Not liable, due to the principle of the greater good.
D. Liable, since vis major will not apply.

Correct!

Wrong!

2. Principle: Nothing is a crime, which is done without criminal intent. The intent is deduced from facts. Facts: A and B decide to throw stones into a crowd of people, in order to see if probability actually does work. One such stone falls on Z's head and causes severe trauma. Are A and B liable for committing a crime? Decide as a judge
A. Yes, There are better methods to check what they were checking.
B. Yes, because there were many people in the crowd, and thus the probability of someone getting hurt increased.
C. Yes, since there is an element of mens rea(intent)
D. No, since they had no intention to hurt Z

Correct!

Wrong!

3. Who has the right to pardon the central power? 
A. President
B. Prime minister
C. Vice President
D. Chief Justice

Correct!

Wrong!

4. Principle: Trespass is the wilful entering of another person's land without his express permission. Facts: Manoj manages an emu farm, where he breeds them also. One day, Kapila, a small boy of ten years, enters the farm to retrieve his cricket ball. He is attacked by the emus and some emus also escape since he leaves the gate open. Has trespass occurred? 
A. No. The emu is a dangerous bird, and Manoj must in fact pay damages towards Kapilas treatment.
B. Yes, the offence of trespass has been committed.
C. No. There was no board that prohibited entry into the farm.
D. Yes, since the boy left the gate open, thus causing the loss of emus to Manoj.

Correct!

Wrong!

5. Principle: A contract of agency is one in which one person. A master is liable for all acts of the servant committed by the servant, within the scope of his authority. There is no master-servant relationship in the absence of consideration. Fact: Mana was asked by Zeenat to buy her some goods as he returned from office. She persuaded him by saying she'd keep hot tea and halwa ready for him when he got home. Mana, while buying the goods, slapped the shopkeeper. The shopkeeper seeks to hold Zeenat liable. Can he do so? Decide as a judge
A. No, since Mana had not been authorised to slap the shopkeeper.
B. No, since there is no contract of agency
C. Yes, since Mana was authorised to buy the goods.
D. No, since Mana acted without authority.

Correct!

Wrong!

6. In which of the following, basic rights of citizens are  suspended over a period of time?  
A. During the presidential rule of the state
B. In the event of a national emergency
C. During the parliamentary elections
D. By order of the Supreme Court

Correct!

Wrong!

7. Principle: Undue influence is said to be exercised when one uses a position of dominance or authority to influence the will of the other, thereby causing them loss. Undue influence makes a contract voidable at the option of the party influenced unduly. Facts: Ramesh Baba is a mystic who has widely acclaimed fame for being able to bring any wish true. Geeta, one of his disciples, wants to sell a piece of depreciating land, and she seeks his advice. The Baba, knowing that the piece of land could soon be submerged underwater due to the construction of a dam, and not wanting to cause anyone loss, asks her to sell it to him. Soon after the sale, a Supreme Court judgement prevents the dam from being constructed and the price of land shoots up. Geeta seeks to void the contract of sale, claiming undue influence. Can she do so?

 
A. Yes, since Baba's advice caused her a huge loss.
B. No, since the Baba had in fact acted in good faith.
C. No, since Baba had used logic and not undue influence when he gave her the advice
D. No, since the Baba was a well-meaning person who would never exercise undue influence.

Correct!

Wrong!

8. Principles1: Any person who interferes with the discharge of duties by a public servant is liable for punishment. Principles2: Nothing is an offence if the person who committed it was winnable to appreciate the consequences of his act, due to intoxication, provided such intoxication was administered against his will and without his consent. Facts: Krishna got drunk of his own volition and on his way back home he assaulted a policeman. He is prosecuted for intimidating a public servant. Is Mr Krishna liable for punishment"? 
A. Yes, Krishna is liable for punishment as he assaulted a policeman.
B. No, Krishna is not liable for punishment as he was drunk.
C. Yes, Krishna is liable for punishment as he got drunk of his own volition
D. None of the above

Correct!

Wrong!

9. Legal Principle: A contract requires a proposal and  acceptance of the proposal. It is necessary to make a  binding contract, not only that the proposal be  accepted, but also that the acceptance is notified to the  proposer.  Factual Situation: Diu offered to purchase a home owned  by Pawan for 20,00,000. He wrote to Pawan's agent  asking whether his offer was accepted. He also added  that he was ready to accept any higher price if found  reasonable. The agent of Pawan Shyam sunder replied,  'would not accept less than 30,00,000'. Diu accepted this  and brought a suit in a local court for specific  performance.  Issue: Is Pawan liable for specific performance?  Decision:  
A. Pawan is liable for the specific performance of the contract entered into by Diu and Pawan.
B. Pawan is not liable.
C. The contract is void ab initio.
D. The contract is voidable.

Correct!

Wrong!

10.  Principle: Necessity carries with itself the authority of the law. Facts: A fire broke out in Sivakasi in a firecracker factory and started spreading to all the houses in the vicinity. A policeman who was on patrol duty in the area reached the spot and ordered the demolition of all houses/huts within a 300-metre radius, in order to stop the spread of fire. The people whose houses were destroyed claimed damages against the policeman. Will he be held liable for the demolition?
A. He will be liable despite his best intentions since the people have suffered damage and must be compensated.
B. The government will be vicariously liable for the damage.
C. The policeman is not liable since what he did was in his official capacity and he was just doing his duty.
D. The policeman (or anyone else) won't be liable since the aim was to prevent the fire from spreading and

Correct!

Wrong!

11. Principle: Whoever, intending to dishonestly take any property out of the possession of another person, moves that property for such taking, is said to commit theft. Facts: Suresh went into the house of his friend Ramesh to discuss some important matter. Since Ramesh was not at home, Suresh waited for him in the latter's drawing room. When Ramesh did not turn up, Suresh took out a pen from Ramesh's table and wrote down a message and went home. While going back, by force of habit, he just dropped the pen into the pocket. Subsequently, he forgot about it. Since the pen happened to be a very valuable one, Ramesh complained to the police and the police traced the pen in Suresh's house. Is Suresh liable for theft?
A. Suresh committed theft because he took the pen without Ramesh's consent.
B. Suresh committed theft because he failed to return the pen.
C. Suresh did not commit theft because he did not have dishonest intentions
D. Suresh is not liable for theft but for Criminal Breach of Trust

Correct!

Wrong!

12. Legal Principle: A counter offer doesn't give rise to the  contractual binding.  Factual Situation: Aman offered to sell a Rolls Royce for  $1,500 to Xiaomi who said he would give $800. Aman  refused and Xiaomi who then said he would give $1,500.  Aman declined to adhere to his original offer and Xiaomi  tried to obtain specific performance in the court. Decide  as a judge?  Issue: Is there a valid contract between Aman and  Xiaomi?  Decision:
A. There is no valid contract as Xiaomi's offer to pay $1500 is a refusal of the offer.
B. There is a valid contract and Aman is liable for specific performance.
C. It is an avoidable contract at the option of Xiaomi.
D. The contract is void ab initio.

Correct!

Wrong!

13. Direction: Read the information carefully and give the answer to the following question. The Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Amit Shah, which was constituted to strengthen the legal framework to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace, has finalised its recommendations, a senior official said. The recommendations, which include the addition of new provisions to the Indian Penal Code, will be put up for comments from the public, the official said. The GoM was constituted first in October 2018 in the aftermath of the #MeToo movement after many women shared their ordeal on social media. It was reconstituted in July 2019 under Mr Shah. The other members are Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Human Resource Development (HRD)Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal and Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Another official said changes to the existing laws on sexual harassment at the workplace would be incorporated when the overhaul of the IPC was complete. Another project The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is working on another project to reboot the IPC. Several retired judges, legal luminaries and State governments are being consulted by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). “When changes are made to the IPC, the various sections on crime against women will also be amended. The laws need to change with time, and sexual harassment of women at the workplace will be addressed through the IPC amendments also,” the official said. The Women and Child Development Ministry had steered the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013, which was applicable to government offices, the private sector, NGOs and the unorganised sector. The official said the proposed amendments would be largely based on the [X] laid down by the Supreme Court in 1997, on which the 2013 Act was based. It made the employer responsible to prevent or deter acts of sexual harassment at the workplace. The 2013 Act had shortcomings like giving the powers of a [X] to the internal complaints committee without specifying if the members need to have a legal background. It only imposed a fine of ₹50,000 on employers for non-compliance. ‘Provide assistance’ The Act said the employer shall provide assistance to the woman if she chooses to file a complaint under the IPC “against the perpetrator after the conclusion of the enquiry”. As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of sexual harassment incidents at “work or office premises” registered under Section 509 IPC (words, gesture or act to insult the modesty of a woman) were 479 and 401 in the years 2017 and 2018 respectively. 420 Words, The Hindu, Dated- 20/01/2020 The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013 is based on the guidelines given by the Supreme Court in a case the name of which has been redacted in the passage with [Y]?

 
A. Women Harassment Guidelines
B. Vishaka Guidelines
C. Nirbhaya Guidelines
D. Laxmi Guidelines

Correct!

Wrong!

14. Principle: A person commits cheating when he fraudulently induces another person to deliver the latter's property to him. Facts: A falsely represented to B, a shop-owner that he was an officer from the Sales Tax Department. In the course of going through the vouchers, A expressed his interest to buy a costly television on an instalment basis. B readily agreed to hope that he would get a favourable assessment from A regarding his tax liability. A paid the first instalment and took the T.V. and disappeared. The police somehow managed to arrest him and sought to prosecute 'A' for cheating. Decide. 
A. Committed cheating, because he induced B to part with the TV, posing himself as a sales-tax officer
B. Committed cheating, because he did not pay the subsequent instalment.
C. A did not commit cheating, because B handed over the T.V. to him in order to get a favourable assessment.
D. A commits the offence of Criminal Misappropriation.

Correct!

Wrong!

15. Legal Principle: 'When, at the desire of the promisor,  the promisee or, any other person has done or abstained  from doing, or does or abstains from doing, or promises  to do or to abstain from doing, something, such act or  abstinence or promise, is called a consideration for the  promise'.  Factual Situation: A doctor gave up his lucrative practice  in the city and served as manager of an ashram at the  Ashram’s request in lieu of which the manager of the  ashram subsequently promised a monthly remuneration.  Issue: What is the nature of the contract?  Decision:  
A. There was a valid contract as there is a good consideration
B. Such vague promises do not result into contract
C. Contract is voidable at the option of land owner
D. Contract is void ab initio

Correct!

Wrong!

16. Direction: Read the information carefully and give the answer to the following question. The Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Amit Shah, which was constituted to strengthen the legal framework to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace, has finalized its recommendations, a senior official said. The recommendations, which include the addition of new provisions to the Indian Penal Code, will be put up for comments from the public, the official said. The GoM was constituted first in October 2018 in the aftermath of the #MeToo movement after many women shared their ordeal on social media. It was reconstituted in July 2019 under Mr Shah. The other members are Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Human Resource Development (HRD)Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal and Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Another official said changes to the existing laws on sexual harassment at the workplace would be incorporated when the overhaul of the IPC was complete. Another project The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is working on another project to reboot the IPC. Several retired judges, legal luminaries and State governments are being consulted by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). “When changes are made to the IPC, the various sections on crime against women will also be amended. The laws need to change with time, and sexual harassment of women at the workplace will be addressed through the IPC amendments also,” the official said. The Women and Child Development Ministry had steered the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013, which was applicable to government offices, the private sector, NGOs and the unorganised sector. The official said the proposed amendments would be largely based on the [X] laid down by the Supreme Court in 1997, on which the 2013 Act was based. It made the employer responsible to prevent or deter acts of sexual harassment at the workplace. The 2013 Act had shortcomings like giving the powers of a [X] to the internal complaints committee without specifying if the members need to have a legal background. It only imposed a fine of ₹50,000 on employers for non-compliance. ‘Provide assistance’ The Act said the employer shall provide assistance to the woman if she chooses to file a complaint under the IPC “against the perpetrator after the conclusion of the enquiry”. As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of sexual harassment incidents at “work or office premises” registered under Section 509 IPC (words, gesture or act to insult the modesty of a woman) were 479 and 401 in the years 2017 and 2018 respectively. 420 Words, The Hindu, Dated- 20/01/2020 The Act mandates the employer to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) at each office or branch where the number of employers exceeds. 
A. Ten
B. Twenty
C. Thirty
D. Forty

Correct!

Wrong!

17. Principle: Nothing is an offence which is done by a child under seven years of age. Facts: A, a child born on January 01, 2005 killed another child B on December 30, 2011.
A. A has committed no offence.
B. A has committed the offence as it is a heinous crime.
C. The killing of one child by another child is not an offence.
D. A has not committed the offence for on the date of the killing of B, A was a minor.

Correct!

Wrong!

18. Legal Principle: Communication of offer and  acceptance is a must for a valid contract.  Factual Situation: A proposes by speed post, to sell a  watch to B at a definite price. A revokes his proposal by  email after 6 hours to B. Issue: Whether the revocation of an offer is valid?  Decision: 
A. Yes, revocation of offer is valid
B. Revocation of offer is not valid because it is not complete
C. Neither (a) nor (b)
D. Revocation of offer is not accepted through two different means

Correct!

Wrong!

19. Direction: Read the information carefully and give the answer to the following question. The Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Amit Shah, which was constituted to strengthen the legal framework to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace, has finalized its recommendations, a senior official said. The recommendations, which include the addition of new provisions to the Indian Penal Code, will be put up for comments from the public, the official said. The GoM was constituted first in October 2018 in the aftermath of the #MeToo movement after many women shared their ordeal on social media. It was reconstituted in July 2019 under Mr Shah. The other members are Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Human Resource Development (HRD)Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal and Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Another official said changes to the existing laws on sexual harassment at the workplace would be incorporated when the overhaul of the IPC was complete. Another project The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is working on another project to reboot the IPC. Several retired judges, legal luminaries, and State governments are being consulted by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). “When changes are made to the IPC, the various sections on crime against women will also be amended. The laws need to change with time, and sexual harassment of women at the workplace will be addressed through the IPC amendments also,” the official said. The Women and Child Development Ministry had steered the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013, which was applicable to government offices, the private sector, NGOs, and the unorganized sector. The official said the proposed amendments would be largely based on the [X] laid down by the Supreme Court in 1997, on which the 2013 Act was based. It made the employer responsible to prevent or deter acts of sexual harassment at the workplace. The 2013 Act had shortcomings like giving the powers of a [X] to the internal complaints committee without specifying if the members need to have a legal background. It only imposed a fine of ₹50,000 on employers for non-compliance. ‘Provide assistance’ The Act said the employer shall provide assistance to the woman if she chooses to file a complaint under the IPC “against the perpetrator after the conclusion of the inquiry”. 

 

As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of sexual harassment incidents at “work or office premises” registered under Section 509 IPC (words, gesture or act to insult the modesty of a woman) were 479 and 401 in the years 2017 and 2018 respectively. 420 Words, The Hindu, Dated- 20/01/2020 While inquiring against a complaint the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) acting under Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act has the powers similar to a
A. Criminal Court
B. Tribunal
C. Civil Court
D. Has no power

Correct!

Wrong!

20. Principle: Whoever, intending to dishonestly take any movable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking is said to commit theft". Facts: Kumud went into a jewellery shop with a view to finding a match for her bangle. She selected the bangle which matches with the bangle which she was wearing; and when she saw the price tag, she gave it up. But meanwhile, she inadvertently took the valuable bangle of the shop and left her less valuable bangle in the casket of the valuable bangle. Nobody in the shop noticed it and she discovered it only after reaching home. State whether Kumud can be prosecuted for theft? 
A. Kumud committed theft because she took the valuable bangles out of the shop.
B. Kumud committed theft because she left behind her less valuable bangles in the casket
C. Kumud did not commit theft because her intention was not dishonest.
D. None of the above

Correct!

Wrong!

21.Legal Principle: An agreement, the meaning of which is not certain, or capable of being made certain, is void. Factual Situation: Mohan offered to sell land to Nimrat at 80 lakhs. Nimrat replied accepting the offer and enclosing 30 lakhs and promising to pay the balance amount by monthly installments of 50000 each. Since Nimrat accepted the offer subject to making full payments in installments, decide as a judge whether there is a valid contract? 
A. Valid contract
B. Invalid contract
C. Voidable at option of Mohan
D. Misrepresentation of Facts in contract

Correct!

Wrong!

22. Direction: Read the information carefully and give the answer to the following question. The Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Amit Shah, which was constituted to strengthen the legal framework to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace, has finalized its recommendations, a senior official said. The recommendations, which include the addition of new provisions to the Indian Penal Code, will be put up for comments from the public, the official said. The GoM was constituted first in October 2018 in the aftermath of the #MeToo movement after many women shared their ordeal on social media. It was reconstituted in July 2019 under Mr. Shah. The other members are Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Human Resource Development (HRD)Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal and Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Another official said changes to the existing laws on sexual harassment at the workplace would be incorporated when the overhaul of the IPC was complete. Another project The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is working on another project to reboot the IPC. Several retired judges, legal luminaries and State governments are being consulted by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). “When changes are made to the IPC, the various sections on crime against women will also be amended. The laws need to change with time, and sexual harassment of women at the workplace will be addressed through the IPC amendments also,” the official said. The Women and Child Development Ministry had steered the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013, which was applicable to government offices, the private sector, NGOs, and the unorganized sector. The official said the proposed amendments would be largely based on the [X] laid down by the Supreme Court in 1997, on which the 2013 Act was based. It made the employer responsible to prevent or deter acts of sexual harassment at the workplace. The 2013 Act had shortcomings like giving the powers of a [X] to the internal complaints committee without specifying if the members need to have a legal background. It only imposed a fine of ₹50,000 on employers for non-compliance. ‘Provide assistance’ The Act said the employer shall provide assistance to the woman if she chooses to file a complaint under the IPC “against the perpetrator after the conclusion of the inquiry”. As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of sexual harassment incidents at “work or office premises” registered under Section 509 IPC (words, gesture or act to insult the modesty of a woman) were 479 and 401 in the years 2017 and 2018 respectively. 420 Words, The Hindu, Dated- 20/01/2020 The Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) can do one of the following things after receiving the complaint. 
A. Can initiate inquiry only
B. Can initiate an inquiry as well as recommend the case
C. Can recommend to Police only under Section 509 of IPC
D. Can recommend the matter to the court

Correct!

Wrong!

23. Principle: Whoever delivers to any other person as genuine any counterfeit currency which he knows to be the counterfeit currency which he did not know to be counterfeit at the time when he received it is guilty of an offence. Facts: Mr Ramachandran is a cashier in a School. One evening his wife returned home from the market. While she was counting the remaining money, Mr Ramachandran noticed a counterfeit currency note of Rs. 100. His wife told him that it was given to her by way of change when she was given an Rs. 500 note in the grocery shop by the person at the cash counter. Mr Ramachandran goes to the same shop with a view to getting rid of the counterfeit note. He buys a shaving cream worth Rs. 32.50 and gives the counterfeit note at the cash counter. The cashier inspects the note and realizes that it is counterfeit. He calls the police. 
A. Mr Ramachandran is not guilty of any offence because he neither manufactured the counterfeit note nor did he circulate it with a view to deceive anybody.
B. Mr Ramachandran is not guilty because he was attempting to return the counterfeit note to the same person from whom he received it.
C. Mr Ramachandran is guilty because he attempted to deliver a counterfeit currency note as genuine which he knew was counterfeit.
D. None of the above

Correct!

Wrong!

24. Direction: Read the information carefully and give the answer to the following question. The Group of Ministers (GoM) headed by Home Minister Amit Shah, which was constituted to strengthen the legal framework to prevent sexual harassment at the workplace, has finalized its recommendations, a senior official said. The recommendations, which include the addition of new provisions to the Indian Penal Code, will be put up for comments from the public, the official said. The GoM was constituted first in October 2018 in the aftermath of the #MeToo movement after many women shared their ordeal on social media. It was reconstituted in July 2019 under Mr. Shah. 

 

The other members are Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman, Human Resource Development (HRD)Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, and Women and Child Development Minister Smriti Irani. Another official said changes to the existing laws on sexual harassment at the workplace would be incorporated when the overhaul of the IPC was complete. Another project The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is working on another project to reboot the IPC. Several retired judges, legal luminaries, and State governments are being consulted by the Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D). “When changes are made to the IPC, the various sections on crime against women will also be amended. The laws need to change with time, and sexual harassment of women at the workplace will be addressed through the IPC amendments also,” the official said. The Women and Child Development Ministry had steered the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act in 2013, which was applicable to government offices, the private sector, NGOs, and the unorganized sector. The official said the proposed amendments would be largely based on the [X] laid down by the Supreme Court in 1997, on which the 2013 Act was based. It made the employer responsible to prevent or deter acts of sexual harassment at the workplace. The 2013 Act had shortcomings like giving the powers of a [X] to the internal complaints committee without specifying if the members need to have a legal background. It only imposed a fine of ₹50,000 on employers for non-compliance. ‘Provide assistance’ The Act said the employer shall provide assistance to the woman if she chooses to file a complaint under the IPC “against the perpetrator after the conclusion of the inquiry”. As per National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of sexual harassment incidents at “work or office premises” registered under Section 509 IPC (words, gesture or act to insult the modesty of a woman) were 479 and 401 in the years 2017 and 2018 respectively. 420 Words, The Hindu, Dated- 20/01/2020. If the Internal Complaints Committee (ICC) initiates an inquiry what is the time frame for its completion. 
A. Within 90 days
B. Within 60 days
C. Within 45 days
D. It can not initiate an inquiry

Correct!

Wrong!

25. Principle: Every person has a right to defend his own person, property or possession against immediate harm, and to that end, may use a reasonable amount of force. Facts: Mr Kaul was passing by Mrs Mattoo's house. At that time, Mrs Mattoo's dog ran out and bit Mr Kaul's overcoat. Mr Kaul turned around and raised the pistol he was carrying in the pocket of his overcoat. The dog ran away, and Mr Kaul shot the dog as it was running away. Mr Kaul knew that the dog had attacked so many other people in that locality of Jammu. Mrs Mattoo claims that her dog was of a rare breed and it was worth Rs. 5000/-. She is planning to bring legal action against Mr Kaul for compensation. 
A. She will succeed in getting compensation from Mr Kaul because he killed the dog which was not actually attacking him at the time of the shooting.
B. She will not succeed because Mr Kaul was justified in shooting the dog to protect himself
C. She will not succeed because Mr Kaul took the action to protect himself as well as many other members of the public in future.
D. None of the above

Correct!

Wrong!

26. An agreement to remain unmarried formed with a business partner is 
A. Valid
B. Void
C. Voidable
D. Unenforceable

Correct!

Wrong!

27.  Direction: The curative petitions of Vinay Sharma, 26, and Mukesh Singh, 32, who were sentenced to death in the 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case, was rejected by a five-judge Supreme Court Bench, led by Justice N.V. Ramana, on Tuesday. In a three-page order, the Bench concluded, after an inchamber consideration that began about 1.45 p.m., that there was no merit in their pleas to spare them from the gallows. “We have gone through the curative petitions and relevant documents. In our opinion, no case is made out within the parameters indicated in the decision of this court in [X]. Hence, the curative petitions are dismissed,” the Bench held. Curative is a rare remedy devised by a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in its judgment in the [X] case in 2002. A party can take only two limited grounds in a curative petition — one, he was not heard by the court before the adverse judgment was passed, and two, [Y] A curative plea, which follows the dismissal of [z], is the last legal avenue open for convicts in the Supreme Court. Sharma was the first among the four convicts to file a curative. The Bench also rejected their pleas to stay the execution of their death sentence and for an oral hearing in open court. Besides Justice Ramana, the Bench comprised Arun Mishra, Rohinton Nariman, R. Banumathi and Ashok Bhushan. Mercy plea Shortly after the Supreme Court ruling, Mukesh filed a mercy plea. Mukesh, Sharma, Akshay Kumar Singh, 31, and Pawan Gupta, 25, are scheduled to be hanged at 7 a.m. on January 22 in Tihar jail. A Delhi court issued their death warrants on January 7. (The Hindu) 15 Jan. 2020 In the above passage, the name of the case has been redacted with ‘[x]’. What is the name of the case? 

 
A. M Nagraj V. union of India
B. Rupa Ashok Hurra V. Ashok Hurra
C. Common Cause V. Union of India
D. Union of India V. Harish Chandra

Correct!

Wrong!

28. Principle: Whoever causes death by doing an act with the intention of causing death commits culpable homicide; punishable under Indian Penal Code. Facts: Bandipur is a protected area wherein hunting is totally forbidden. Kannan, a poacher, stealthily entered this area and he shot at a deer. He missed the target and the bullet hits the forest guard relaxing nearby, whom Kannan had not seen. The forest guard was killed. Decide whether Kannan is guilty of culpable homicide. (NLSIU- 1998) 
A. Kannan is liable for Culpable Homicide.
B. Kannan is not liable for Culpable Homicide
C. Kannan is liable for Murder.
D. Kannan is liable for Culpable Homicide as well as under the Wildlife Protection Act.

Correct!

Wrong!

29. What is the reasonable time to perform a Contract is 
A. A question of Fact
B. A question of Law
C. A mixed question of fact and Law
D. A procedural question

Correct!

Wrong!

30. Direction: The curative petitions of Vinay Sharma, 26, and Mukesh Singh, 32, who were sentenced to death in the 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case, was rejected by a five-judge Supreme Court Bench, led by Justice N.V. Ramana, on Tuesday. In a three-page order, the Bench concluded, after an inchamber consideration that began about 1.45 p.m., that there was no merit in their pleas to spare them from the gallows. “We have gone through the curative petitions and relevant documents. In our opinion, no case is made out within the parameters indicated in the decision of this court in [X]. Hence, the curative petitions are dismissed,” the Bench held. Curative is a rare remedy devised by a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in its judgment in the [X] case in 2002. A party can take only two limited grounds in a curative petition — one, he was not heard by the court before the adverse judgment was passed, and two, [Y]. A curative plea, which follows the dismissal of [z], is the last legal avenue open for convicts in the Supreme Court. Sharma was the first among the four convicts to file a curative. The Bench also rejected their pleas to stay the execution of their death sentence and for an oral hearing in open court. Besides Justice Ramana, the Bench comprised Arun Mishra, Rohinton Nariman, R. Banumathi and Ashok Bhushan. Mercy plea Shortly after the Supreme Court ruling, Mukesh filed a mercy plea. Mukesh, Sharma, Akshay Kumar Singh, 31, and Pawan Gupta, 25, are scheduled to be hanged at 7 a.m. on January 22 in Tihar jail. A Delhi court issued their death warrants on January 7. (The Hindu) 15 Jan. 2020 In the above passage what has been redacted with ‘[y]’? 
A. The judge was biased.
B. There was a miscarriage of justice.
C. Equality before the law is not ensured.
D. Due process of law was not followed.

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